Cloud computing

Oil painting and Minikube - Installing Minikube in Centos 7

Today I got some time to do some oil painting and reading about techy stuff :)

This post is a brief summary of the deployment steps for installing Minikube in a Centos 7 baremetal machine, and, to show you my painting (check the fedora!).

The following steps need to run in the Hypervisor machine in which you will like to have your Minikube deployment.

You need to execute them one after the other, the idea of this recipe is to have something just for copying/pasting.

The usual steps are:

01 - Prepare the hypervisor node.

Now, let’s install some dependencies. Same Hypervisor node, same root user.

# In this dev. env. /var is only 50GB, so I will create
# a sym link to another location with more capacity.
sudo mkdir -p /home/libvirt/
sudo ln -sf /home/libvirt/ /var/lib/libvirt

sudo mkdir -p /home/docker/
sudo ln -sf /home/docker/ /var/lib/docker

# Install some packages
sudo yum install dnf -y
sudo dnf update -y
sudo dnf groupinstall "Virtualization Host" -y
sudo dnf install libvirt qemu-kvm virt-install virt-top libguestfs-tools bridge-utils -y
sudo dnf install git lvm2 lvm2-devel -y
sudo dnf install libvirt-python python-lxml libvirt curl-y
sudo dnf install binutils qt gcc make patch libgomp -y
sudo dnf install glibc-headers glibc-devel kernel-headers -y
sudo dnf install kernel-devel dkms bash-completion -y
sudo dnf install nano wget -y
sudo dnf install python3-pip -y 

02 - Check that the kernel modules are OK.

# Check the kernel modules are OK
sudo lsmod | grep kvm

03 - Enable libvirtd, disable SElinux xD and firewalld.

# Enable libvirtd
sudo systemctl start libvirtd
sudo systemctl enable libvirtd

# Disable selinux & stop firewall as needed.
setenforce 0
perl -pi -e 's/SELINUX\=enforcing/SELINUX\=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

04 - Install Minikube.

#Install minikube
/usr/bin/curl -Lo minikube && chmod +x minikube
cp -p minikube /usr/local/bin && rm -f minikube

# Create the repo for kubernetes
cat << EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo

# Install kubectl
sudo dnf install kubectl -y
source <(kubectl completion bash)
echo "source <(kubectl completion bash)" >> ~/.bashrc

05 - Create the toor user (from the Hypervisor node, as root).

sudo useradd toor
echo "toor:toor" | sudo chpasswd
echo "toor ALL=(root) NOPASSWD:ALL" \
  | sudo tee /etc/sudoers.d/toor
sudo chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers.d/toor
sudo su - toor

mkdir .ssh
ssh-keygen -t rsa -N "" -f .ssh/id_rsa

Now, follow as the toor user and prepare the Hypervisor node for Minikube.

06 - Install Docker.

We will like to also use docker in the Hypervisor node for creating images and debugging purposes.

# Install docker
sudo dnf install docker -y
sudo usermod --append --groups dockerroot toor
sudo tee /etc/docker/daemon.json >/dev/null <<-EOF
    "live-restore": true,
    "group": "dockerroot"
sudo systemctl start docker
sudo systemctl enable docker

07 - Finish the Minikube configuration.

# Add to bashrc in toor user
source <(kubectl completion bash)
echo "source <(kubectl completion bash)" >> ~/.bashrc

# We add toor to the libvirtd group
sudo usermod --append --groups libvirt toor

08 - Start Minikube.

minikube start --memory=65536 --cpus=4 --vm-driver kvm2
export no_proxy=$no_proxy,$(minikube ip)
nohup kubectl proxy --address='' --port=8001 --disable-filter=true &
sleep 30
minikube addons enable dashboard
nohup minikube dashboard &
minikube addons open dashboard

The Minikube instance should be reachable from the following URL:


# To stop/delete
kubectl delete deploy,svc --all
minikube stop
minikube delete

09 - Minikube cheat sheet.

# set & get current context of cluster
 kubectl config use-context minikube
 kubectl config current-context

# fetch all the kubernetes objects for a namespace
 kubectl get all -n kube-system

# display cluster details
 kubectl cluster-info

# set custom memory and cpu 
 minikube config set memory 4096
 minikube config set cpus 2

# fetch cluster ip
 minikube ip

# ssh to the minikube vm
 minikube ssh

# display addons list and status
 minikube addons list

# exposes service to vm & retrieves url 
 minikube service elasticsearch
 minikube service elasticsearch --url

Updated 2019/10/13: Initial version.

Updated 2019/10/15: Install also docker in the hypervisor.


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